The hydro-fracking process uses literally millions of gallons of water per well annually,
mixed with a cocktail of chemicals and pumped at high pressure down to the shale layer.
The industry keeps the "recipe" secret, but many of the chemicals known to be used are known carcinogens.
Some of this toxic slurry is pumped back up and into holding pits to evaporate, often spilling outside of the liner,
thus inevitably washing down into the wetlands.
Waste pit at hydro-fracking drill site. Drilling slurry from the shale layer is
radioactive due to the uranium of the layer and contains the chemicals used in the drilling.
Hydro-fracking drill sites and farm, showing density of sites and proximity to residences.
In addition to any damage to clean air and groundwater is a less tangible risk: the disappearance of rural America.
Overspray of drilling slurry at hydro-fracking drill site. Waste pit of
drilling mud (byproduct from mining operations including rock debris, drill bit lubricants, and possibly residual radioactive material.)
The type of waste being produced indicates that exploration is still in progress. The overspray at the top is a violation and a danger to any water bodies downhill.
The Marcellus shale layer extends from lower New York into Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, and West Virginia about 8000 ft
below the surface (a little more than a mile), and has long been known to contain significant pockets of natural gas.
Recently developed technology now enables accesss to this resource via deep directional drilling and the high pressure injection
of tremendous volumes of water and chemicals which fractures the structure of the shale and allows the gas to be pumped out.
The water and chemicals are partly pumped out and much remains in the ground. The target layer is below the acquifer,
so mixing of the drilling fluids and the acquifer is inevitable, and the shale contains uranium, which inevitably will mix.
The fluids are pumped into open pits when removed and allowed to evaporate, releasing toxins into the air.
The water use is a major concern in this process as each well will use 1.5 million gallons of water.
Estimates calculate that the number of well permits already issued in the Hancock, NY area will consume half the flow of the Delaware River.
Above we see leased land in the Catskills for potential hydro-fracking drill sites. This open space constitutes valuable watershed and wildlife habitat.
Containers of fracking liquids pumped into well as per proprietary drilling formula.
Compressor trucks at fracking site.
Hydro-fracking drill site during drilling process with drilling slurry containment pond.
Drilling slurry from the shale layer is radioactive due to the uranium of the layer and contains the chemicals used in the drilling.
Drill site with church in background. Will our society sacrifice all that is holy to the god of easy energy?
Hydro-fracking drill sites, feeder pipelines, and access roads and gravel banks for road building, all causing habitat fragmentation.
Pete and Alice Diehl on their farm, which has been run by their family for five generations.
The Geiger Family. Stefan, Cindy, Rudy, and Veronica on their farm.